Auto accidents: Rear-end Collisions
There are different ways that a car accident can happen. One of the most common type of accident is rear-end collisions. These are the following types of car accidents:
- Rear-end collisions
- Head-on collisions
- Side impact and T-bones
- Pedestrian hit by car
- Multiple vehicle accidents
- Hit and run
- Parking lot accidents
- Minor collisions
This and the following series of articles will discuss each type of car accident and will cover the following aspects:
- Common causes of the accident
- Common injuries
Rear-end collisions: Causes of rear-end collisions
There a number of causes of rear-end collisions, some of them are:
- Tailgating â€“ this is whereby a driver is travelling too close to the car in front of him/he
r. Often the driver is unable to stop quickly enough when the driver in front of him/her comes to an abrupt stop.
- Driver inattention â€“ this includes driver distractions whether in or outside the vehicle (rubbernecking).
- Driver intoxication â€“ as a result of any form of intoxication the driver is unable to judge distances accurately.
- Weather conditions â€“ rain, snow, slush, ice, high winds and fog â€“all these weather conditions stop a driver from: seeing the road properly and thus the car in front of them, stopping in time and keeping the car in its lane.
- Road defects â€“ potholes, bent stop signs or covered signs, non-working traffic signals are all road defects that can cause rear-end collisions.
Rear-end collisions: Common injuries
The common injuries associated with rear-end collisions are:
- Whiplash and whiplash related injuries
- Back injuries
- Face and head injuries (airbags) â€“airbags deploy when the vehicle is traveling at a speed faster than twenty miles per hour (20mph). So if a car is rear-ended and travelling slower than twenty miles per hour (20mph) the airbags do not deploy. The driver can sustain serious injuries to the face and head from the force of crashing into the steering wheel. Some examples are: a broken nose, fractured cheek and jawbone.
- Wrist, finger, hand and arm injuries â€“ the force of being rear-ended can make the wrists, hands, fingers and arms jerk violently on the steering wheel and even hit the sun visor, thus causing injuries.
- Seatbelt injuries â€“ the seatbelt holds the torso and hips in place so that an individual is not thrown out of their seat and/or the car. As a result of the force of being rear-ended, a personâ€™s torso is thrust forward and the seatbelt can cut the skin and bruise the hip, chest and torso area.