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Brain Injuries – Concussions

For many brain injuries are a source of confusion, including medical personnel. Some brain injury myths are:

Myth: You have to hit your head on something in order to have a brain injury

Reality: brain injuries can be caused even if there is no actual physical contact of the head and anything else. Concussions are a form of brain injury. Some of them are the result of whiplash. This can happen as a result of momentum caused by the collision that makes your brain hit areas of your skull. Therefore, you can sustain a brain injury without your head hitting any part of your car or any object. The impact of the brain hitting the skull can cause brain bleeding and swelling.

Myth: You must be knocked unconscious so as to sustain a brain injury

Reality: While many individuals may become unconscious after a brain injury this is not always the case. It is less likely for a person to become unconscious if they did not hit their head on an object. Some individuals are able to walk, talk and act normally after sustaining a brain injury. As a result, this makes it even more difficult to properly diagnose as the most obvious symptom of losing consciousness is absent. Some accident victims may not show symptoms of brain injury until hours, days or even weeks after the incident.

Some common symptoms associated with brain injuries include the following:

  • Headaches
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Memory loss
  • Numbness
  • Slurred speech
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Disorientation
  • Difficulty walking or balancing
  • Sensitivity to light and sounds

Another issue that may arise after a brain injury is post-concussive syndrome. This is a mild form of traumatic brain injury after a person has a concussion. As with other brain injuries, the victim may experience symptoms immediately after the accident or even months later. In some cases, the symptoms are permanent. Some symptoms of post-concussive syndrome include the following:

  • Changes in the victim’s personality
  • Aggression
  • Mood swings
  • Agitation
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Trouble experiencing the body’s sensors
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Insomnia




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