Head-on collisions are the most serious type of car accident, even when the vehicle is moving at slow speeds. Head-on collisions are said to make up two percent (2%) of all accidents. However, account for more than ten percent (10%) of all car accident deaths.
Head-on collisions: Causes
Below is a list of common causes of head-on collisions:
- Driver fatigue and sleepiness driver fatigue often affects long-haul truckers, night shift employee and people who are sleep deprived. As a result of lack of sleep a driver has very high chances of falling asleep on the wheel. One of the main reasons for this is the drivers reflex actions are very low.
- Cellphone usage dialing, texting or speaking on cellphones distracts a driver’s attention. It takes a few seconds of distraction to veer into oncoming traffic.
- Faulty traffic signals and signs
- Older drivers some older driver’s reflexes are slow, so moving out of the way of oncoming traffic is sometimes hard.
- Collateral accidents collateral accidents result in cars bouncing off each other this can lead to cars being pushed into oncoming traffic.
- Driver intoxication an intoxicated driver’s reflexes are significantly impaired and so is their ability to calculate distance and direction.
- Poor road conditions large potholes, broken guardrails, faded or absent lane divider lines and road debris can result in a driver veering into oncoming traffic.
Head-on collisions: Injuries
Below is a list of common injuries associated with head-on collisions:
- Broken facial bones fractures in jawbones, chin or cheek(s) are common in head-on collisions. These occur even if the airbag deploys because the impact of the crash is strong enough to crush the face and its inner bone structure.
- Neck and shoulder whiplash
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
- Back and spineÂ Â â€“ discs can be herniated and the spinal cord can be bruised or cut off.
- Decapitations when occupants are not wearing seat belts, they can fly forward and crash into the windscreen.
- Lacerations, contusions, abrasions and scarring secondary injuries may occur from loose objects flying around in the car at high speeds which can hit occupants. Broken glass, metal and pieces of plastic can injure occupant’s scalps, faces, arms or legs.