Side impact collisions
A side impact collision is where a car hits another car at an angle of ninety degrees (90Â°). Side impact collisions are also called roadside or T-bone collisions. Side impact collisions are number two (2) after head-on collisions on the serious injuries and deaths caused by accidents yearly.
Side impact collisions: Causes
There are a number of causes of side impact collisions, such as:
- Failing to come to a complete stop at a four way intersection.
- Failure to yield â€“ at a four way intersection,Â one driverÂ must yield to another driver as required by the traffic code. In some states,Â a driver to the left has the right of way if two drivers arrive at the intersection at the same time.
- Running a red light â€“ these are the most dangerous as a driver picks up speed to try and beat the traffic light turning red, so the force of the impact can be deadly.
- Turning across traffic lanes â€“ when a driver in the turning lane does not wait to turn when it is safe. The same is true when a driver fails to gauge the speed at which oncoming traffic is traveling at on an intersection.
- Reckless and aggressive driving â€“ where a driver deliberately ignores drivers who are legally in an intersection.Â AlsoÂ aÂ reckless driverÂ uses their reckless and aggressive behaviour to intimidate other drivers.
- Talking and texting on cellphones
- Driving while intoxicated or impaired
- Equipment failure â€“ this includes failing of brakes and steering wheel.
- Weather conditions
Side impact collisions: Common injuries
Some injuries associated with side impact collisions are:
- Disc herniation and spinal compression â€“ the force of the impact can shatter discs in and around the spinal cord and may result in herniated disc(s)
- Tearing of internal organs
- Fractured legs, arms, wrists and/or hands
- Punctured eardrums â€“ these occur as a result of not having side airbags, so because of the force of impact this pushes the personâ€™s ear and face against the window.
- Tinnitus â€“Â is the painful ringing of the ears; it is caused by the deploying of the side airbag.